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Guam Map

- copyright CCCarto
This Guam tourism map is made with U.S. Census and NOAA data.
Use map and CIA facts as reference only. CCCarto is not responsible for errors in map data.

Guam Facts

source - CIA facts book

Background: Guam was ceded to the US by Spain in 1898. Captured by the Japanese in 1941, it was retaken by the US three years later. The military installation on the island is one of the most strategically important US bases in the Pacific.

Geography of Guam

Guam Island Location: Oceania, island in the North Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters of the way from Hawaii to the Philippines

Guam Geographic coordinates: 13 28 N, 144 47 E

Guam Oceania Area: total: 541.3 sq km land: 541.3 sq km water: 0 sq km

Guam Coastline: 125.5 km

Guam Maritime claims: territorial sea: 12 nm exclusive economic zone: 200 nm

Guam Climate: tropical marine; generally warm and humid, moderated by northeast trade winds; dry season (January to June), rainy season (July to December); little seasonal temperature variation

Guam Terrain: volcanic origin, surrounded by coral reefs; relatively flat coralline limestone plateau (source of most fresh water), with steep coastal cliffs and narrow coastal plains in north, low hills in center, mountains in south

Guam Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m highest point: Mount Lamlam 406 m

Guam Natural resources: fishing (largely undeveloped), tourism (especially from Japan)

Land use: arable land: 3.64% permanent crops: 18.18% other: 78.18% (2005)

Guam Natural hazards: frequent squalls during rainy season; relatively rare, but potentially very destructive typhoons (June - December)

Guam Environment - current issues: extirpation of native bird population by the rapid proliferation of the brown tree snakec, invasive species

Guam Geography - note: largest and southernmost island in the Mariana Islands archipelago; strategic location in western North Pacific Ocean

People of Guam

Guam Population: 171,019 (July 2006 est.)

Guam Age structure: 0-14 years: 29% (male 25,703/female 23,903) 15-64 years: 64.3% (male 56,020/female 53,894) 65 years and over: 6.7% (male 5,391/female 6,108) (2006 est.)

Guam Median age: total: 28.6 years male: 28.3 years female: 28.8 years (2006 est.)

Guam Population growth rate: 1.43% (2006 est.)

Guam Birth rate: 18.79 births/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Guam Death rate: 4.48 deaths/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Guam Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2006 est.)

Guam Ethnic groups: Chamorro 37.1%, Filipino 26.3%, other Pacific islander 11.3%, white 6.9%, other Asian 6.3%, other ethnic origin or race 2.3%, mixed 9.8% (2000 census)

Guam Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, other 15% (1999 est.)

Guam Languages: English 38.3%, Chamorro 22.2%, Philippine languages 22.2%, other Pacific island languages 6.8%, Asian languages 7%, other languages 3.5% (2000 census)

Guam Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read and write total population: 99% male: 99% female: 99% (1990 est.)

Government of Guam

Guam Country name: conventional long form: Territory of Guam conventional short form: Guam local long form: Guahan local short form: Guahan

Guam Dependency status: organized, unincorporated territory of the US with policy relations between Guam and the US under the jurisdiction of the Office of Insular Affairs, US Department of the Interior

Guam Capital: name: Hagatna (Agana) geographic coordinates: 13 28 N, 144 45 E time difference: UTC+10 (15 hours ahead of Washington, DC during Standard Time)

Guam Administrative divisions: none (territory of the US)

Guam Independence: none (territory of the US)

Guam National holiday: Discovery Day, first Monday in March (1521)

Guam Constitution: Organic Act of Guam, 1 August 1950

Guam Legal system: modeled on US; US federal laws apply

Guam Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal; US citizens, but do not vote in US presidential elections

Guam election results: Felix P. CAMACHO reelected governor; Dr. Michael W. CRUZ elected lieutenant governor; percent of vote - NA

Legislative branch: unicameral Legislature (15 seats; members are elected by popular vote to serve two-year terms) elections: last held 7 November 2006 (next to be held November 2008) election results: percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Republican Party 8, Democratic Party 7 note: Guam elects one nonvoting delegate to the US House of Representatives; election last held 7 November 2006 (next to be held November 2008); results - Madeleine BORDALLO (Democratic Party) was reelected as delegate; percent of vote by party - NA; seats by party - Democratic Party 1

Guam Judicial branch: Federal District Court (judge is appointed by the president); Territorial Superior Court (judges appointed for eight-year terms by the governor)

Political parties and leaders: Guam Democratic Party [leader Michael PHILLIPS]; Republican Party (controls the legislature) [leader Philip J. FLORES]

Guam International organization participation: IOC, SPC, UPU

Guam Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territory of the US)

Guam Diplomatic representation from the US: none (territory of the US)

Guam Flag description: territorial flag is dark blue with a narrow red border on all four sides; centered is a red-bordered, pointed, vertical ellipse containing a beach scene, outrigger canoe with sail, and a palm tree with the word GUAM superimposed in bold red letters; US flag is the national flag

Economy of Guam

Economy - overview: The economy depends largely on US military spending and tourism. Total US grants, wage payments, and procurement outlays amounted to $1.3 billion in 2004. Over the past 30 years, the tourist industry has grown to become the largest income source following national defense. The Guam economy continues to experience expansion in both its tourism and military sectors.

Guam GDP (purchasing power parity): $2.5 billion (2005 est.)

Guam GDP (official exchange rate): $2.773 billion

Guam GDP - per capita (PPP): $15,000 (2005 est.)

Guam Labor force: 62,050 (2002 est.)

Guam Labor force - by occupation: agriculture: 26% industry: 10% services: 64% (2004 est.)

Guam Unemployment rate: 11.4% (2002 est.)

Guam Population below poverty line: 23% (2001 est.)

Budget: revenues: $319.6 million expenditures: $427.8 million (2002 est.)

Guam Agriculture - products: fruits, copra, vegetables; eggs, pork, poultry, beef

Guam Industries: US military, tourism, construction, transshipment services, concrete products, printing and publishing, food processing, textiles

Guam Electricity - production: 840.1 million kWh (2003)

Guam Electricity - consumption: 781.3 million kWh (2003)

Guam Exports - commodities: mostly transshipments of refined petroleum products; construction materials, fish, food and beverage products

Guam Exports - partners: Japan 67.2%, Singapore 11.6%, UK 4.8% (2005)

Guam Imports: $701 million f.o.b. (2004 est.)

Guam Imports - commodities: petroleum and petroleum products, food, manufactured goods

Guam Imports - partners: Singapore 50%, South Korea 21.4%, Japan 14%, Hong Kong 4.6% (2005) Debt - external:

Guam Economic aid - recipient: Guam receives large transfer payments from the US Federal Treasury ($143 million in 1997) into which Guamanians pay no income or excise taxes; under the provisions of a special law of Congress, the Guam Treasury, rather than the US Treasury, receives federal income taxes paid by military and civilian Federal employees stationed in Guam (2001 est.)

Guam Currency (code): US dollar (USD)

Communications in Guam

Guam Telephones - main lines in use: 84,134 (2001)

Guam Telephones - mobile cellular: 98,000 (2004)

Guam Telephone system: general assessment: modern system, integrated with US facilities for direct dialing, including free use of 800 numbers domestic: modern digital system, including cellular mobile service and local access to the Internet international: country code - 1-671; satellite earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean); submarine cables to US and Japan (Guam is a trans-Pacific communications hub for MCI, Sprint, AT&T, IT&E, and GTE, linking the US and Asia)

Guam Radio broadcast stations: AM 3, FM 11, shortwave 2 (2006)

Guam Television broadcast stations: 3; 6 (Low Power TV) (2006)

Guam Internet country code: .gu

Guam Internet hosts: 76 (2006)

Guam Internet users: 79,000 (2004)

Transportation of Guam

Guam Airports: 5 (2006)

Guam Airports - with paved runways: total: 4 over 3,047 m: 2 2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2006)

Guam Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 1 under 914 m: 1 (2006)

Guam Roadways: total: 977 km (2004)

Guam Ports and terminals: Apra Harbor

Map Copyright CCCarto